Osteoporosis is a disease that affects bone mass. It often results in decreased bone mass, deteriorating bone tissue, and risk of fractures. Studies conducted with families and twins show that there is a strong genetic variable to the etiology of osteoporosis. 60-70% of the variation in bone mineral mass or density depends on genetic variation or diet variation.
Detoxification is the process of releasing toxins from the body. There are two phases of detoxification. Phase 1 mostly occurs in the liver and uses enzymes to break toxins into smaller substances. Phase 2 changes the smaller substances so they can leave the body.
Factor V Leiden
Factor V Leiden is a mutation in one of the clotting factors in the blood. This mutation may increase the chance of developing abnormal blood clots, usually in your legs or lungs. The mutation does not have a cure, but physicians may prescribe blood thinners to help prevent clots.
Certain nutrients and components in food affect people in individual ways. New research has shown that specific genes can be tested to confirm what response an individual might have to those certain nutrients and components.
Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)
Human Leukocyte Antigens are proteins found on the surface of cells responsible for regulation of the immune system. When cells have different varieties of HLA, it triggers a response from the immune system to fight against them.
Chronic inflammation often begins with the body trying to heal an injury, but morphs into a lingering state that stays for months or years when the immune system fails to fix the problem. The low-level inflammation may stay when the threat is gone or never existed. Unchecked, the immune system prompts white blood cells to attack nearby healthy tissues and organs.
Insulin is a hormone that affects the intake of glucose from food into the bloodstream. Those that have a lower sensitivity to insulin have limited ability to react to this process. Research has shown that insulin insensitivity or insulin resistance may play a role in common disorders, such as type 2 diabetes and obesity.
Lipids are fats or fat-like substances (oils, fatty acids, cholesterol). Lipid metabolism entails the oxidation of fatty acids to either generate energy or synthesize new lipids from smaller constituent molecules. Lipid metabolism disorders mean that the body does not have enough enzymes to break down fats and convert them into energy.
Methylation is the process of adding the chemical group “methyl” to genes, therefore, affecting the function of genes. Poor methylation function alters the effectiveness, delivery, and function of certain vitamins and chemicals in cells.
Oxidative Stress is an imbalance between free radicals (oxygen-containing molecules that have an uneven number of electrons) and antioxidants. The imbalance allows free radicals to react with other molecules and cause chemical reactions in the body. Too many free radicals lead to damage to fatty tissue, DNA, and proteins in the body and eventually, a variety of diseases.